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Local News Salem Oregon

About Salem Oregon

(/selm/SAY-lm), is the state capital of Oregon. It also serves as the county seat for Marion County. It is located in the heart of the Willamette Valley, near the Willamette River which flows north through it. The river divides Marion and Polk Counties, while West Salem’s city area is in Polk County. Salem was established in 1842. It was made the capital of Oregon Territory in 1851 and was incorporated in 1857.

Salem was home to 174,365 people in 2019, making it the third largest city in Oregon, after Eugene and Portland. Salem is located about an hour from Portland. Salem is the capital city of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area. It includes Marion and Polk counties. At the 2010 census, it had a combined population 390,738. A 2019 estimate shows that the state’s metropolitan population is 400,408, making the area the second-largest. This region, in turn, is a component of the Portland-Vancouver-Salem Combined Statistical Area.

The city is home to Corban University, Willamette University and Chemeketa Community College. Salem Health is the city’s largest private employer and State of Oregon is its top governmental employer. There is also public transportation to and from Cherriots (officially called Salem Area Mass Transit District), Amtrak, and non-commercial flight travel at McNary field. Interstate 5 and Oregon Route 99E are the main roads. Oregon Route 22 links West Salem across Willamette River via the Marion Street and Center Street bridges.

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Salem name origin

The Kalapuya lived in central Willamette Valley during European contact. They called it Chim-i-ki-ti. This means “meeting place” in Central Kalapuya (Santiam).

The Methodist Mission moved to the area and named the new building Chemeketa. However, the Mill was more commonly known for its location on Mill Creek. The community was renamed “The Oregon Institution” when it was established.

The trustees had plans to create a town on the property of the Institute after the institution was closed.

William H. Willson is one of the most likely sources of “Salem”. He filed the blueprints of the main section of the city’s major section in 1850-1851. He recommended that an Anglicized version of the Biblical Hebrew word “Shalom”, which means “peace” (as also “hello” and “goodbye”) be used.

The President of the Town Trustees, Reverend David Leslie, wanted a Biblical name and suggested using the last five letters of “Jerusalem”.

Another possibility is that the town could be named after Leslie’s hometown in Salem, Massachusetts. There were many names that were suggested, and even though Salem was adopted, Asahel Bush, editor of the Oregon Statesman, felt it should be changed back. The Peace Plaza is a public space in the Vern Miller Civic Center that houses the city’s offices and library. It was named after the various names of the city.

Europeans

In 1812, the first Europeans arrived in the region to work as animal trappers or food gatherers for Astoria’s Oregon fur trade companies.

The first permanent American colony was established in the region by the Jason Lee Methodist mission (1840), which is located in the Wheatland area north of Salem.

The missionaries established the Oregon Institute, which was the precursor to Willamette University in Salem in 1842. In 1844, the mission was disbanded and the site for Salem was constructed.

Salem was made the territory capital after it was moved from Oregon City in 1855. The capital was temporarily moved to Corvallis in 1855 before being permanently relocated back to Salem the next year. Salem was established as a city in 1857. It became the capital of the state in 1859 when Oregon became independent.

Salem Capitol buildings

Three capital buildings have been built in Salem, Oregon. A two-story, two-month-old state house was burned to the ground in December 1855. The second capital building of Oregon was built in 1876 on the site of the former. In part, the United States Capitol inspired the Revival-style structure. The copper dome that is characteristic of the building was added in 1893. The structure was also destroyed in a fire on April 25, 1935. The third and current Oregon State Capitol were built on the same spot in 1938. The distinctive pioneer statue that adorns the dome of the Capitol is what makes it stand out. Officially, the Oregon Pioneer is the name of the Oregon Pioneer.

Cherry festival, State fair

Salem’s agricultural heritage has been a vital part of its history. The city has celebrated this in many ways over the years. In 1861, the Oregon State Agricultural Association chose Salem to host the Oregon State Fair. Salem is famous for its history as a place where cherry-growing businesses were important. The first cherry festival was held in 1903. It continued to be an annual event until after World War I, with parades and the selection and naming of a cherry queen. The Salem Cherryland Festival was revived for a few years during the 1940s.

Salem Geography, climate

Salem is found in Marion and Polk counties, in the north-central Willamette Valley. Salem is home to the 45th Parallel, which is roughly the midpoint point between the North Pole (the Equator), and the North Pole (the North Pole).

According to the United States Census Bureau, 48.45 square mile (125.48km2) covers the city. Of this land area, 47.90 sq. miles (124.06km2) comprises land, while 0.55 sq. miles (1.42km2) is water.

The city’s main source of drinking water is the North Santiam River, even though the Willamette River flows through Salem. Mill Creek, Pringle Creek and Shelton Ditch are other notable waterways that pass through Salem. Clark Creek, Jory Creeks, Battle Creeks, Croisan Creeks, and Claggett Creeks are the smaller streams that run through Salem’s southeast and south. Glen Creek and Brush Creeks pass through West Salem.

The elevations within the municipal boundaries range from 120 to 800ft (37 to 244m) Salem is bordered to the south and west by the volcanic Salem Hills, the Eola Hills to the west and the 600 feet (180 m to the east) Waldo Hills to the east. Salem’s north and east areas are more hilly. The most hilly areas of South and West Salem are those with canyons. From the city, you can see the coast range and Cascades, including Mount Hood, Mount Jefferson and, on clear days, Mount St. Helens in Washington.

Salem has a mediterranean environment (Koppen Csb), like all of the Willamette Valley. The rainiest months in Salem are late autumn and winter. About half of the annual precipitation falls between October-April. There is a dry season from May through September. Although winter brings little precipitation it is not uncommon to see heavy snowfall. Low cloud ceilings and a gloomy sky are common during the rainy season.

Salem’s average annual temperature is 54.1 degrees Fahrenheit (12.3 degrees Celsius). The average annual precipitation is forty.08 inches (1.018 mm), and an average of 3.5 in (8.9 cm of snow). There isn’t snowfall for more than a quarter the year. The capital of the state is located approximately 47 miles (76 km) south Portland. However, it experiences a lower average temperature (54.4°F or 12.4°C) than Portland due to a lower daily minimum.

Salem’s all-time highs range from 119 degrees F (48 degrees C) to 12 degrees F (24 degC).

The freezing point is 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degree Celsius) for the coldest afternoons of the year. However, the lowest recorded maximum temperature was 16 degrees F (9 degrees Celsius) in three months and two years. In July 2006, the warmest night was recorded at 74 degrees Fahrenheit (23 Celsius), while the average yearly night is 64 degrees Fahrenheit (18 Celsius).

 

 

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More About Salem Oregon

City in Oregon
 

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Salem is the capital city of Oregon. Set amid a park with gardens, the domed Oregon State Capitol contains a collection of art by Oregon artists. The Hallie Ford Museum of Art includes works by Pacific Northwest and Native American artists. The Willamette Heritage Center includes a Victorian wool mill, plus 19th-century homes with period furnishings. The Bush House Museum is an Italianate mansion built in 1878. ― Google

Elevation:154′
Area:49.23 mi²
Weather:67°F (19°C), Wind N at 8 mph (13 km/h), 64% Humidity weather.com
Population:171,806 (2020)
Local time:Friday 4:50 PM
Metro population:400,408 (US: 130th)
 
 
 
 
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